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J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2011 Aug;22(8):1175-80. doi: 10.1016/j.jvir.2011.03.016. Epub 2011 May 28.

Quantitative proton MR spectroscopy as a biomarker of tumor necrosis in the rabbit VX2 liver tumor.

Author information

1
Russell H Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Johns Hopkins Hospital, 600 N Wolfe St, Room 100, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To compare metabolic magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings (ie, quantification of tumor choline concentration) with percentage of necrosis on pathologic examination in rabbits bearing VX2 liver tumors.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

VX2 tumors were implanted in the livers of 16 rabbits. MR imaging was performed with a 1.5-T MR scanner and extremity coil, and a hydrogen-1 ((1)H) proton MR spectroscopy ((1)H MRS) imaging protocol was used. Rabbits were euthanized immediately after imaging, and the tumor was harvested and sliced at 4-mm intervals in the axial plane. Choline concentration was calculated and was compared with the percentage of tumor necrosis on pathologic examination.

RESULTS:

Mean tumor size at pathologic examination was 16 mm (range, 12-22 mm). Mean percentage of necrosis at pathologic examination was 22% (range, 4%-44%). Choline concentration showed a relatively high inverse correlation with percentage of necrosis on pathologic examination, with an r value of 0.78 (P < .002).

CONCLUSIONS:

Choline concentration showed a relatively high inverse correlation with tumor necrosis on pathologic examination. Therefore, (1)H MRS may be useful to assess tumor necrosis.

PMID:
21620723
PMCID:
PMC4334359
DOI:
10.1016/j.jvir.2011.03.016
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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