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J Clin Oncol. 2011 Jun 1;29(16):2259-65. doi: 10.1200/JCO.2010.32.6397. Epub 2011 May 2.

Phase II trial of bevacizumab in recurrent or persistent endometrial cancer: a Gynecologic Oncology Group study.

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Gynecologic Medical Oncology Service, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA.



Bevacizumab, a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody against vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A), has clinical activity in multiple tumor types. We conducted a phase II trial to assess the activity and tolerability of single-agent bevacizumab in recurrent or persistent endometrial cancer (EMC).


Eligible patients had persistent or recurrent EMC after receiving one to two prior cytotoxic regimens, measurable disease, and Gynecologic Oncology Group performance status of ≤ 2. Treatment consisted of bevacizumab 15 mg/kg intravenously every 3 weeks until disease progression or prohibitive toxicity. VEGF-A was assessed by immunohistochemistry in archival tumor and by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in pretreatment plasma. Primary end points were progression-free survival (PFS) at 6 months and overall response rate.


Fifty-six patients were enrolled. Fifty-two patients were eligible and evaluable. Median age was 62 years, and prior treatment consisted of one or two regimens in 33 (63.5%) and 19 (36.5%) patients, respectively. Twenty-nine patients (55.8%) received prior radiation. Adverse events were consistent with those expected with bevacizumab treatment. No GI perforations or fistulae were seen. Seven patients (13.5%) experienced clinical responses (one complete response and six partial responses; median response duration, 6.0 months), and 21 patients (40.4%) survived progression free for at least 6 months. Median PFS and overall survival times were 4.2 and 10.5 months, respectively. Suggested associations were observed between high VEGF-A and adjusted hazard of death or tumor response when evaluated in tumor/plasma or plasma, respectively.


Bevacizumab is well tolerated and active based on PFS at 6 months in recurrent or persistent EMC and warrants further investigation.

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