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J Biol Chem. 2011 Jun 24;286(25):22195-202. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M110.210237. Epub 2011 Apr 26.

Loss of mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase-1 protects from hepatic steatosis by repression of cell death-inducing DNA fragmentation factor A (DFFA)-like effector C (CIDEC)/fat-specific protein 27.

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Department of Pharmacology and Program in Integrative Cell Signaling and Neurobiology of Metabolism, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA.


The integration of metabolic signals required for the regulation of hepatic lipid homeostasis is complex. Previously, we showed that mice lacking expression of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) phosphatase-1 (MKP-1) have increased fatty acid oxidation and are protected from the development of hepatic steatosis. Here, we show that leptin receptor-deficient (db/db) mice lacking MKP-1 are also resistant to the development of hepatic steatosis. Microarray analyses of livers from db/db mice lacking MKP-1 showed suppression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) target genes. We identified the fat-specific protein 27 (Fsp27), which promotes PPARγ-mediated hepatic steatosis, as repressed in livers of both db/db and high fat diet-fed mice lacking MKP-1. Hepatocytes from MKP-1-deficient mice exhibited reduced PPARγ-induced lipid droplet formation. Mechanistically, loss of MKP-1 inhibited PPARγ function by increasing MAPK-dependent phosphorylation on PPARγ at its inhibitory residue of serine 112. These results demonstrate that in addition to inhibiting hepatic fatty acid oxidation, MKP-1 promotes hepatic lipogenic gene expression through PPARγ. Hence, MKP-1 plays an important role in MAPK-mediated control of hepatic lipid homeostasis.

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