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J Pathol. 2011 May;224(1):67-77. doi: 10.1002/path.2851. Epub 2011 Mar 22.

Prominent expression of sialyl Lewis X-capped core 2-branched O-glycans on high endothelial venule-like vessels in gastric MALT lymphoma.

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Department of Molecular Pathology, Shinshu University Graduate School of Medicine, Matsumoto, Japan.


High endothelial venule (HEV)-like vessels have been observed in gastric B cell lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue type (MALT lymphoma), as well as in its preceding lesion, chronic Helicobacter pylori gastritis. Previously we reported that glycans on HEV-like vessels in the latter lesion served as L-selectin ligands, although their function is unclear. We have investigated sialyl Lewis X (sLeX)-related glycoepitopes and found that MECA-79(-) /HECA-452(+) /NCC-ST-439(+) HEV-like vessels preferentially mark gastric MALT lymphoma compared to chronic H. pylori gastritis. We then constructed CHO cell lines expressing potential MECA-79(-) /HECA-452(+) /NCC-ST-439(+) glycans, as well as other sLeX-type glycans, on CD34 and evaluated L-selectin binding to those cells, using L-selectin-IgM chimera binding and lymphocyte adhesion assays. L-selectin-IgM chimeras bound to CHO cells expressing 6-sulpho-sLeX attached to core 2-branched O-glycans with or without 6-sulpho-sLeX attached to extended core 1 O-glycans, but only marginally to other CHO cell lines. By contrast, CHO cells expressing 6-sulpho-sLeX attached to extended core 1 and/or core 2-branched O-glycans, as well as non-sulphated sLeX attached to core 2-branched O-glycans, showed substantial lymphocyte binding, while binding was negligible on lines expressing 6-sulpho- and non-sulphated sLeX attached to N-glycans and non-sulphated sLeX attached to extended core 1 O-glycans. These results indicate that MECA-79(-) /HECA-452(+) /NCC-ST-439(+) glycans, specifically, 6-sulpho- and non-sulphated sLeXs attached to core 2-branched O-glycans, expressed on HEV-like vessels in gastric MALT lymphoma function as L-selectin ligands and likely contribute to H. pylori-specific T cell recruitment in the progression of gastric MALT lymphoma.

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