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Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2012 Jan-Feb;54(1):102-8. doi: 10.1016/j.archger.2010.12.017. Epub 2011 Jan 11.

Job role quality and intention to leave current facility and to leave profession of direct care workers in Japanese residential facilities for elderly.

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Institute for Health Economics and Policy, 1-5-11 Nishishinbashi, Minato-ku, Tokyo 105-0003, Japan.


The aim of the present study is to examine job role quality relating to intention to leave current facility and to leave profession among direct care workers in residential facilities for elderly in Japan. Direct care workers completed a paper questionnaire on October 2009. From 746 facilities in three prefectures (Tokyo, Shizuoka, and Yamagata) 6428 direct care workers with complete data were included in the analyses. The Job Role Quality (JRQ) scale was translated into Japanese language to assess job role quality. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis showed that intention to leave current facility was primarily associated with job role quality: poor skill discretion, high job demand, and poor relationship with supervisor. Intention to leave profession was primarily associated with poor skill discretion. The results of the present study imply the strategies to direct care worker retention for each facility and policy efforts. Each facility can implement specific strategies such as enhanced variety of work and opportunity for use of skills, adequate job allocation, and improvement of supervisor-employee relationship in work place. Policy efforts should enhance broader career opportunities in care working such as advanced specialization and authorized medical practice.

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