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J Biol Chem. 2011 Feb 18;286(7):5823-35. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M110.192393. Epub 2010 Dec 14.

Intracellular pathogen sensor NOD2 programs macrophages to trigger Notch1 activation.

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Department of Microbiology and Cell Biology, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India.


Intracellular pathogen sensor, NOD2, has been implicated in regulation of wide range of anti-inflammatory responses critical during development of a diverse array of inflammatory diseases; however, underlying molecular details are still imprecisely understood. In this study, we demonstrate that NOD2 programs macrophages to trigger Notch1 signaling. Signaling perturbations or genetic approaches suggest signaling integration through cross-talk between Notch1-PI3K during the NOD2-triggered expression of a multitude of immunological parameters including COX-2/PGE(2) and IL-10. NOD2 stimulation enhanced active recruitment of CSL/RBP-Jk on the COX-2 promoter in vivo. Intriguingly, nitric oxide assumes critical importance in NOD2-mediated activation of Notch1 signaling as iNOS(-/-) macrophages exhibited compromised ability to execute NOD2-triggered Notch1 signaling responses. Correlative evidence demonstrates that this mechanism operates in vivo in brain and splenocytes derived from wild type, but not from iNOS(-/-) mice. Importantly, NOD2-driven activation of the Notch1-PI3K signaling axis contributes to its capacity to impart survival of macrophages against TNF-α or IFN-γ-mediated apoptosis and resolution of inflammation. Current investigation identifies Notch1-PI3K as signaling cohorts involved in the NOD2-triggered expression of a battery of genes associated with anti-inflammatory functions. These findings serve as a paradigm to understand the pathogenesis of NOD2-associated inflammatory diseases and clearly pave a way toward development of novel therapeutics.

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