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Diabetes Care. 2011 Feb;34(2):454-8. doi: 10.2337/dc10-0757. Epub 2010 Oct 26.

Vitamin D deficiency and coronary artery calcification in subjects with type 1 diabetes.

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1
Colorado School of Public Health, University of Colorado, Denver, Colorado, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The objective of this study is to examine the relationship among serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D), polymorphisms in vitamin D-associated genes, and the presence and progression of coronary artery calcification (CAC) in adults with type 1 diabetes.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

This prospective study included 374 non-Hispanic white individuals with type 1 diabetes (mean age 40 ± 9 years; 46% were male). CAC was measured at the baseline and 3- and 6-year follow-up visits were determined by electron beam computed tomography. Serum 25[OH]D levels were measured by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry at the 3-year visit.

RESULTS:

Normal (>30 ng/mL), insufficient (20-30 ng/mL), and deficient (<20 ng/mL) 25-[OH]D levels were present in 65%, 25%, and 10% of the individuals with type 1 diabetes, respectively. 25[OH]D deficiency was associated with the presence of CAC at the 3-year visit, odds ratio (OR) = 3.3 (95% CI 1.6-7.0), adjusting for age, sex, and hours of daylight. In subjects free of CAC at the 3-year visit, 25[OH]D deficiency predicted the development of CAC over the next 3 years in those with the vitamin D receptor M1T CC genotype (OR = 6.5 [1.1-40.2], P = 0.04) than in those with the CT or TT genotype (OR = 1.6 [0.3-8.6], P = 0.57).

CONCLUSIONS:

Vitamin D deficiency independently predicts prevalence and development of CAC, a marker of coronary artery plaque burden, in individuals with type 1 diabetes.

PMID:
20978098
PMCID:
PMC3024366
DOI:
10.2337/dc10-0757
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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