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Mol Cell. 2010 Aug 13;39(3):385-95. doi: 10.1016/j.molcel.2010.07.014.

The DEAH box ATPases Prp16 and Prp43 cooperate to proofread 5' splice site cleavage during pre-mRNA splicing.

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Department of Molecular Genetics and Cell Biology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA.


To investigate the mechanisms underlying accurate pre-mRNA splicing, we developed an in vitro assay sensitive to proofreading of 5' splice site cleavage. We inactivated spliceosomes by disrupting a metal-ligand interaction at the catalytic center and discovered that, when the DEAH box ATPase Prp16 was disabled, these spliceosomes catalyzed 5' splice site cleavage but at a reduced rate. Although Prp16 does not promote splicing of a genuine substrate until after 5' splice site cleavage, we found that Prp16 can associate with spliceosomes before 5' splice site cleavage, consistent with a role for Prp16 in proofreading 5' splice site cleavage. We established that Prp16-mediated rejection is reversible, necessitating a downstream discard pathway that we found requires the DEAH box ATPase Prp43, a spliceosome disassembly factor. These data indicate that spliceosomes distinguish slow substrates and that the mechanisms for establishing the fidelity of 5' splice site cleavage and exon ligation share a common ATP-dependent framework.

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