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Oncol Rep. 2010 Aug;24(2):351-6.

Induction of cell growth arrest and apoptotic cell death in human breast cancer MCF-7 cells by the COX-1 inhibitor FR122047.

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Department of Animal Biotechnology, Animal Resources Research Center, and RCTCP, Konkuk University, Gwangjin-ku, Seoul 143-701, South Korea.


Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which inhibit the enzyme cyclooxygenase (COX), are known to have a potent anti-tumorigenic activity in various cancers. However, the responsible molecular mechanisms of COX inhibition in breast cancer cells remain to be completely elucidated. We examined the effect of the selective COX-1 inhibitor, FR122047 and the selective COX-2 inhibitor, SC791 on cell growth and apoptosis in human breast cancer MCF-7 cells which exhibited a high basal level of COX-1 expression. Compared to SC791, FR122047 treatment led to a distinct suppression of cell growth in MCF-7 cells. Upon FR122047 treatment, there were apparent increases in the ratio of Bax to Bcl-2, mitochondrial cytochrome c release, and apoptosis in MCF-7 cells. Our data showed that treatment of caspase-8 inhibitor could significantly suppress the cleavage of the effector caspase-7 and PARP in FR122047-treated MCF-7 cells which are caspase-3-deficient breast cancer cells, indicating that the induction of apoptosis by FR122047 is significantly dependent on caspase-8 activity in MCF-7 breast cancer cells. Our data suggest that the NSAID FR122047 may have an anti-cancer potential in breast cancer.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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