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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Jun 1;107(22):10020-5. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0906022107. Epub 2010 May 12.

Spliceosome discards intermediates via the DEAH box ATPase Prp43p.

Author information

1
Graduate Program in Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA.

Abstract

To promote fidelity in nuclear pre-mRNA splicing, the spliceosome rejects and discards suboptimal substrates that have engaged the spliceosome. Whereas DExD/H box ATPases have been implicated in rejecting suboptimal substrates, the mechanism for discarding suboptimal substrates has remained obscure. Corroborating evidence that suboptimal, mutated lariat intermediates can be exported to the cytoplasm for turnover, we have found that the ribosome can translate mutated lariat intermediates. By glycerol gradient analysis, we have found that the spliceosome can dissociate mutated lariat intermediates in vivo in a manner that requires the DEAH box ATPase Prp43p. Through an in vitro assay, we demonstrate that Prp43p promotes the discard of suboptimal and optimal 5' exon and lariat intermediates indiscriminately. Finally, we demonstrate a requirement for Prp43p in repressing splicing at a cryptic splice site. We propose a model for the fidelity of exon ligation in which the DEAH box ATPase Prp22p slows the flow of suboptimal intermediates through exon ligation and Prp43p generally promotes discard of intermediates, thereby establishing a pathway for turnover of stalled intermediates. Because Prp43p also promotes spliceosome disassembly after exon ligation, this work establishes a parallel between the discard of suboptimal intermediates and the dissociation of a genuine excised intron product.

PMID:
20463285
PMCID:
PMC2890470
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.0906022107
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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