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FASEB J. 2010 Sep;24(9):3381-92. doi: 10.1096/fj.09-153106. Epub 2010 May 4.

An isoform-specific PDZ-binding motif targets type I PIP5 kinase beta to the uropod and controls polarization of neutrophil-like HL60 cells.

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Department of Immunology and Oncology, Centro Nacional de Biotecnología/Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Darwin 3, Campus de Cantoblanco, Madrid E-28049, Spain.


Type I phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate 5-kinase (PIP5KI)-beta participates in establishing polarity during leukocyte chemotaxis. Its final 83 amino acids localize PIP5KIbeta to the uropod of chemotaxing neutrophils and T cells, and interact with ezrin-radixin-moesin (ERM) proteins and EBP50 (4.1-ERM-binding phosphoprotein 50), a scaffold protein with 2 PDZ (PSD-95, disc large, ZO-1) domains. The structural motifs at the PIP5KIbeta C terminus that confer signaling specificity are, nonetheless, unknown. We show that the last 4 residues of PIP5KIbeta constitute an atypical PDZ-binding motif, which steers PIP5KIbeta to the uropod by binding to both EBP50 PDZ domains. Molecular modeling and mutagenesis indicated that PDZ-binding motif is necessary for PIP5KIbeta localization and for chemoattractant-induced neutrophil polarization. Polarity in cells that express PIP5KIbeta mutants lacking the PDZ-binding motif was restored by overexpression of PIP5KIbeta, but not of PIP5KIgamma_i2, another isoform that localizes to the neutrophil uropod. Our results identify an isoform-specific PDZ-binding motif in PIP5KIbeta, which confers specificity for PIP5KIbeta signaling at the uropod during leukocyte chemotaxis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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