Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Infection. 2010 Apr;38(2):81-8. doi: 10.1007/s15010-009-9148-6. Epub 2010 Feb 27.

Inhaled anti-infective agents: emphasis on colistin.

Author information

1
Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Intensive Care Unit, Henry Dunant Hospital, Athens, Greece. amichalopoulos@hol.gr

Abstract

The administration of antibiotics by the inhaled route is a widely recognized treatment in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) and bronchiectasis. Tobramycin solution for inhalation (TOBI) has been available for many years and is licensed in the USA and Europe. While strong data support the use of aerosolized antibiotics for the treatment of respiratory infections in patients with CF or bronchiectasis, only a few clinical studies have examined the role of aerosolized antibiotics in the treatment of pneumonia, including ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in these patients. During the last decade increasing interest has been directed towards alternative treatments to the systemic administration of antimicrobial agents for the treatment of patients with hospital-acquired pneumonia or VAP due to multidrug-resistant (MDR) Gram-negative bacteria. Recent publications demonstrate the clinical benefits from administering inhaled aminoglycosides or polymyxins in patients with hospital-acquired pneumonia or VAP. In addition to antibiotics, antifungals, and antivirals have been administered by inhalation to specific groups of critically ill patients. However, randomized controlled trials dealing with the administration of anti-infective agents via the respiratory tract are necessary in order to validate the efficacy, safety, advantages, and disadvantages of this therapeutic approach for the treatment of nosocomial pneumonia.

PMID:
20191398
DOI:
10.1007/s15010-009-9148-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center