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Am J Public Health. 2018 May;108(5):676-682. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2018.304339. Epub 2018 Mar 22.

Joint Community Health Needs Assessments as a Path for Coordinating Community-Wide Health Improvement Efforts Between Hospitals and Local Health Departments.

Author information

1
Erik L. Carlton is with University of Memphis School of Public Health, Memphis, TN. Simone Rauscher Singh is with University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To examine the association between hospital-local health department (LHD) collaboration around community health needs assessments (CHNAs) and hospital investment in community health.

METHODS:

We combined 2015 National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO) Forces of Change, 2013 NACCHO Profile, and 2014-2015 Area Health Resource File data to identify a sample of LHDs (nā€‰=ā€‰439) across the United States. We included data on hospitals' community benefit from their 2014 tax filings (Internal Revenue Service Form 990, Schedule H). We used bivariate and multivariate regression analyses to examine LHDs' involvement in hospitals' CHNAs and implementation strategies and the relationship with hospital investment in community health.

RESULTS:

The LHDs that collaborated with hospitals around CHNAs were significantly more likely to be involved in joint implementation planning activities than were those that did not. Importantly, LHD involvement in hospitals' implementation strategies was associated with greater hospital investment in community health improvement initiatives.

CONCLUSIONS:

Joint CHNAs may improve coordination of community-wide health improvement efforts between hospitals and LHDs and encourage hospital investment in community health improvement activities. Public Health Implications. Policies that strengthen LHD-hospital collaboration around the CHNA may enhance hospital investments in community health.

PMID:
29565662
DOI:
10.2105/AJPH.2018.304339
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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