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Child Youth Serv Rev. 2015 Oct;57:83-89. Epub 2015 Jul 26.

IMMIGRATION ENFORCEMENT AND MIXED-STATUS FAMILIES: THE EFFECTS OF RISK OF DEPORTATION ON MEDICAID USE.

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1
Center for Women's Health and Health Disparities Research, University of Wisconsin-Madison 310 N. Midvale Blvd, Suite 201; Madison, WI 53705, USA.

Abstract

As Congress priorities the immigration debate on increased border security, the fate of an estimated 11 million undocumented citizens remains uncertain. Stuck in between partisan politics and practical solutions are mixed-status families in which some members of the family are U.S. citizens while other members are in the country without proper authorization. This paper, examines the relationship between risk of deportation and Medicaid use drawing from a nationally sample of mothers from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Survey. These data are then merged with data from the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services to create a contextual risk of deportation measure. Findings suggest that an increase in risk of deportation is associated with a decrease in Medicaid use. The implications of this work have tremendous impacts for health service providers and policy makers interested in preventing and reducing health disparities in complex family structures.

KEYWORDS:

Health Disparities; Immigration Enforcement; Mixed-Status Families; Program Evaluation

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