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J Thorac Dis. 2015 Jul;7(7):E166-76. doi: 10.3978/j.issn.2072-1439.2015.07.17.

Extra Corporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) review of a lifesaving technology.

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Indiana University School of Medicine & Indiana University Health, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA.


Extra Corporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) indications and usage has strikingly progressed over the last 20 years; it has become essential tool in the care of adults and children with severe cardiac and pulmonary dysfunction refractory to conventional management. In this article we will provide a review of ECMO development, clinical indications, patients' management, options and cannulations techniques, complications, outcomes, and the appropriate strategy of organ management while on ECMO.


Extra Corporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO); cardiogenic shock; cardiopulmonary resuscitation; respiratory failure

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