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Drug Metab Dispos. 2010 May;38(5):879-86. doi: 10.1124/dmd.109.030130. Epub 2010 Feb 2.

A humanized UGT1 mouse model expressing the UGT1A1*28 allele for assessing drug clearance by UGT1A1-dependent glucuronidation.

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Department of Pharmacokinetics, Dynamics, and Metabolism, St. Louis Laboratories, Pfizer Global Research and Development, Chesterfield, MO 63017, USA.


Humanized mice that express the human UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) 1 locus have been developed in a Ugt1-null background as a model to improve predictions of human UGT1A-dependent drug clearance. Enzyme kinetic parameters (K(m) and V(max)) and pharmacokinetic properties of three probe drugs were compared using wild-type and humanized UGT1 mice that express the Gilbert's UGT1A1*28 allele [Tg(UGT1(A1*28)) Ugt1(-/-) mice]. The well characterized substrate for UGT1A1, 7-ethyl-10-hydroxy-camptothecin (SN-38), showed the greatest difference in parent drug exposure ( approximately 3-fold increase) and clearance ( approximately 3-fold decrease) in Tg(UGT1(A1*28)) Ugt1(-/-) mice after intravenous administration compared with wild-type and phenobarbital-treated animals. In contrast, the clearance of the UGT2B7 substrate (-)-17-allyl-4, 5alpha-epoxy-3, 14-dihydroxymorphinan-6-one (naloxone) was not altered in Tg(UGT1(A1*28)) Ugt1(-/-) mice. In addition, pharmacokinetic parameters with 1-(4-fluorophenyl)3(R)-[3-(4-fluorophenyl)-3(S)-hydroxypropyl]-4(S)-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-azetidinone (ezetimibe, Zetia; Merck & Co., Whitehouse Station, NJ), considered to be a major substrate for UGT1A1, showed small to no dependence on UGT1A1-directed glucuronidation. Enzyme kinetic parameters assessed for SN-38, ezetimibe, and naloxone using liver microsomes prepared from wild-type and Tg(UGT1(A1*28)) Ugt1(-/-) mice showed patterns consistent with the in vivo pharmacokinetic data. For SN-38 glucuronidation, V(max) decreased 5-fold in Tg(UGT1(A1*28)) Ugt1(-/-) mouse liver microsomes compared with microsomes prepared from wild-type mice, and decreased 10-fold compared with phenobarbital-treated Tg(UGT1(A1*28)) Ugt1(-/-) mice. These differences are consistent with SN-38 glucuronidation activities using HLMs isolated from individuals genotyped as UGT1A1*1 or UGT1A1*28. For ezetimibe and naloxone the differences in V(max) were minimal. Thus, Tg(UGT1(A1*28)) Ugt1(-/-) mice can serve as a pharmacokinetic model to further investigate the effects of UGT1A1 expression on drug metabolism.

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