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Annu Rev Public Health. 2008;29:11-25. doi: 10.1146/annurev.publhealth.29.020907.090759.

Co-benefits of climate mitigation and health protection in energy systems: scoping methods.

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1
Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-7360, USA. krksmith@berkeley.edu

Abstract

Interventions in the energy sector offer significant opportunities for reducing both greenhouse and other health-damaging pollution, resulting in what are called "co-benefits." The health community plays a critical role in evaluating such interventions to optimize progress of both sorts because both affect health. In detail, analyses require sophisticated modeling and specific local information. As a starting point, however, we offer here a set of scoping methods for obtaining a quick assessment of these co-benefits for interventions in the energy sector, the arena with the highest potential for significant co-benefits. Thus we combine relevant methods developed separately in recent years for cost-effectiveness assessments in the climate change, health, and development communities. We offer sample calculations, which illustrate the apparent high degree of co-benefit effectiveness for targeted interventions in the household energy sector in developing countries.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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