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J Neuroimmunol. 2009 Aug 18;213(1-2):123-30. doi: 10.1016/j.jneuroim.2009.05.014. Epub 2009 Jul 24.

Potential of a unique antibody gene signature to predict conversion to clinically definite multiple sclerosis.

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  • 1Department of Neurology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas TX 75154, USA.

Abstract

We identified a unique antibody gene mutation pattern (i.e. "signature") in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) B cells from multiple sclerosis (MS) patients not present in control populations. Prevalence of the signature in CSF B cells of patients at risk to develop MS predicted conversion to MS with 91% accuracy in a small cohort of clinically isolated syndrome patients. If confirmed, signature prevalence would be a novel genetic diagnostic tool candidate for patients with early demyelinating disease of the central nervous system.

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