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J Biol Chem. 2009 May 29;284(22):14788-95. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M808752200. Epub 2009 Mar 26.

Regulation of the epithelial Mg2+ channel TRPM6 by estrogen and the associated repressor protein of estrogen receptor activity (REA).

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Department of Physiology, Nijmegen Centre for Molecular Life Sciences, Institute for Genetic and Metabolic Disease, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands.


The maintenance of the Mg(2+) balance of the body is essential for neuromuscular excitability, protein synthesis, nucleic acid stability, and numerous enzymatic systems. The Transient Receptor Potential Melastatin 6 (TRPM6) functions as the gatekeeper of transepithelial Mg(2+) transport. However, the molecular regulation of TRPM6 channel activity remains elusive. Here, we identified the repressor of estrogen receptor activity (REA) as an interacting protein of TRPM6 that binds to the 6(th), 7(th), and 8(th) beta-sheets in its alpha-kinase domain. Importantly, REA and TRPM6 are coexpressed in renal Mg(2+)-transporting distal convoluted tubules (DCT). We demonstrated that REA significantly inhibits TRPM6, but not its closest homologue TRPM7, channel activity. This inhibition occurs in a phosphorylation-dependent manner, since REA has no effect on the TRPM6 phosphotransferase-deficient mutant (K1804R), while it still binds to this mutant. Moreover, activation of protein kinase C by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate-PMA potentiated the inhibitory effect of REA on TRPM6 channel activity. Finally, we showed that the interaction between REA and TRPM6 is a dynamic process, as short-term 17beta-estradiol treatment disassociates the binding between these proteins. In agreement with this, 17beta-estradiol treatment significantly stimulates the TRPM6-mediated current in HEK293 cells. These results suggest a rapid pathway for the effect of estrogen on Mg(2+) homeostasis in addition to its transcriptional effect. Together, these data indicate that REA operates as a negative feedback modulator of TRPM6 in the regulation of active Mg(2+) (re)absorption and provides new insight into the molecular mechanism of renal transepithelial Mg(2+) transport.

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