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Biol Psychiatry. 2009 Jun 1;65(11):985-91. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2008.10.033. Epub 2008 Dec 5.

Association between sodium- and potassium-activated adenosine triphosphatase alpha isoforms and bipolar disorders.

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Department of Physiology, Institute for Medical Research, The Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem 91120, Israel.



The sodium- and potassium-activated adenosine triphosphatase (Na+, K+-ATPase) is a major plasma membrane transporter for sodium and potassium. We recently suggested that bipolar disorders (BD) may be associated with alterations in brain Na+, K+-ATPase. We further conjectured that the differences in Na+, K+-ATPase in BD patients could result partially from genetic variations in Na+, K+-ATPase alpha isoforms.


To test our hypothesis, we undertook a comprehensive study of 13 tagged single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) across the three genes of the brain alpha isoforms of Na+, K+- ATPase (ATP1A1, ATP1A2, and ATP1A3, which encode the three alpha isoforms, alpha1, alpha2, and alpha3, respectively) identified using HapMap data and the Haploview algorithm. Altogether, 126 subjects diagnosed with BD from 118 families were genotyped (parents and affected siblings). Both individual SNPs and haplotypes were tested for association using family-based association tests as provided in the UNPHASED and PBAT set of programs.


Significant nominal association with BD was observed for six single SNPs (alpha1: rs11805078; alpha2: rs2070704, rs1016732, rs2854248, and rs2295623; alpha3: rs919390) in the three genes of Na+, K+-ATPase alpha isoforms. Haplotype analysis of the alpha2 isoform (ATP1A2 gene) showed a significant association with two loci haplotypes with BD (rs2295623: rs2070704; global p value = .0198, following a permutation test).


This study demonstrates for the first time that genetic variations in Na+, K+-ATPase are associated with BD, suggesting a role of this enzyme in the etiology of this disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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