Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Pediatr Diabetes. 2008 Dec;9(6):567-76. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-5448.2008.00434.x. Epub 2008 Aug 27.

Short-term metabolic and cardiovascular effects of metformin in markedly obese adolescents with normal glucose tolerance.

Author information

Department of Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.



Although metformin (MET) is an insulin sensitizer currently used as an adjunct to the treatment of some of the complications of childhood obesity besides type 2 diabetes mellitus, few studies have comprehensively examined its metabolic and clinical effects in obese children with normal glucose tolerance (NGT).


We therefore conducted a 4-month double-blind clinical trial in 28 obese [mean body mass index (BMI): 40.3 +/- 5.7 kg/m(2)], insulin-resistant [homeostasis model assessment - insulin resistance: 7.6 +/- 2.8 and whole body insulin sensitivity index (WBISI): 1.5 +/- 0.7] adolescents (age 15.0 +/- 1.3 yr) randomized to MET (n = 15, dose 1500 mg daily) or placebo (n = 13).


The treatment with MET was well tolerated. MET treatment was associated with a decreased BMI (p = 0.02) as well as with a reduction in subcutaneous fat (p = 0.03), particularly the deep subcutaneous fat (p = 0.04) as assessed by magnetic resonance imaging. Postintervention, the MET group had a 35% improvement in insulin sensitivity (WBISI) compared with the placebo group (p = 0.008). However, significance was lost with adjustments for differences in baseline insulin sensitivity (p = 0.09). While there was no change in inflammatory cytokines or lipid parameters, cardiovascular function as assessed by heart rate recovery after exercise improved with MET and worsened in placebo (p = 0.03).


Short-term use of MET is well tolerated by obese children with NGT and has a beneficial effect on BMI and autonomic control of the heart as well as a trend toward improved insulin sensitivity. Thus, long-term treatment with MET may provide a means to ameliorate the cardio-metabolic consequences of adolescent obesity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Support Center