Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Clin Immunol. 2008 Oct;129(1):10-8. doi: 10.1016/j.clim.2008.06.009.

Concurrent detection of secreted products from human lymphocytes by microengraving: cytokines and antigen-reactive antibodies.

Author information

Division of Molecular Immunology, Center for Neurologic Diseases, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.


Cell surface determinants, cytokines and antibodies secreted by hematopoietic cells are used to classify their lineage and function. Currently available techniques are unable to elucidate multiple secreted proteins while also assigning phenotypic surface-displayed markers to the individual living cells. Here, a soft lithographic method, microengraving, was adapted for the multiplexed interrogation of populations of individual human peripheral blood mononuclear cells for secreted cytokines (IFN-gamma and IL-6), antigen-specific antibodies, and lineage-specific surface-expressed markers. Application of the method to a clinical sample from a recent-onset Type 1 diabetic subject with a positive titer of anti-insulin antibodies showed that approximately 0.58% of circulating CD19(+) B cells secreted proinsulin-reactive antibodies of the IgG isotype and 2-3% of circulating cells secreted IL-6. These data demonstrate the utility of microengraving for interrogating multiple phenotypes of single human cells concurrently and for detecting rare populations of cells by their secreted products.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center