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Life Sci. 2008 Aug 1;83(5-6):192-7. doi: 10.1016/j.lfs.2008.06.006. Epub 2008 Jun 20.

Differential effects of diabetes induced by streptozotocin and that develops spontaneously on prostate growth in Bio Breeding (BB) rats.

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Section of Urology, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA.


We investigated molecular changes in the response to insulin in prostates of spontaneously developed (Bio Breeding) and streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats that received sufficient amounts (euglycemic group), or suboptimal doses (hyperglycemic group) of insulin for 32 weeks, using Affymetrix GeneChip analysis of gene expression. Alterations in gene expression levels identified by microarray analysis, having potential biological relevance to prostate growth, were verified by real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). A significant decrease in the weight of ventral prostate was observed in the hyperglycemic STZ-induced but not spontaneously developed diabetic group. Microarray analysis revealed that gene expression profiles were distinctly different in each region of the prostate, and that hyperglycemic diabetes in spontaneously developed and STZ-diabetic rats was associated with differential changes in the prostatic expression levels of 856 genes, of which 35 were related to cell growth, proliferation and death. RT-PCR data verified significant differences in the mRNA expression levels of Igfbp6, Tieg, and Clu between euglycemic and hyperglycemic groups, whereas expression levels of these genes in control and euglycemic diabetic groups were not significantly different. In ventral prostate, the mRNA expression levels of Igfbp6 and Tieg were significantly higher in the hyperglycemic STZ-induced diabetic than in the hyperglycemic spontaneously diabetic BBDP/Wor rats. Our data demonstrate that the diabetes induced by STZ in the BBDR/Wor rats affects prostate growth and the molecular response to insulin differently than that observed in BBDP/Wor rats that develop diabetes spontaneously.

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