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J Magn Reson Imaging. 2008 Jul;28(1):128-35. doi: 10.1002/jmri.21412.

Detection of lymph node metastasis in cervical and uterine cancers by diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging at 3T.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, No. 5 Fu Hsing Street, Kwei Shan Hsiang, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To evaluate diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) for detection of pelvic lymph node metastasis in patients with cervical and uterine cancers.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Fifty patients scheduled for pelvic lymph node dissection were enrolled for 3T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using a single-shot echo-planar DWI technique, body-phased array coil, b = 0, 1000 s/mm(2). We measured short/long-axis diameters, mean apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values of all identifiable nodes, relative ADC values between tumors and nodes, and utilized their cutoff values to validate the diagnostic accuracy internally. Histopathologic results served as the reference standard.

RESULTS:

The relative ADC values between tumor and nodes were significantly lower in metastatic than in benign nodes (0.06 vs. 0.21 x 10(-3) mm(2)/s, P < 0.001; cutoff value 0.10 x 10(-3) mm(2)/s). Compared to conventional MRI, the method combining size and relative ADC values resulted in better sensitivity (25% vs. 83%) and similar specificity (98% vs. 99%). The smallest metastatic lymph node detected by this method measured 5 mm on its short axis.

CONCLUSION:

The combination of size and relative ADC values was useful in detecting pelvic lymph node metastasis in patients with cervical and uterine cancers.

PMID:
18581404
DOI:
10.1002/jmri.21412
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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