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Emerg Infect Dis. 2007 Sep;13(9):1295-300. doi: 10.3201/eid1309.070491.

Detection of group 1 coronaviruses in bats in North America.

Author information

1
University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Aurora, Colorado 80045, USA.

Abstract

The epidemic of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) was caused by a newly emerged coronavirus (SARS-CoV). Bats of several species in southern People's Republic of China harbor SARS-like CoVs and may be reservoir hosts for them. To determine whether bats in North America also harbor coronaviruses, we used reverse transcription-PCR to detect coronavirus RNA in bats. We found coronavirus RNA in 6 of 28 fecal specimens from bats of 2 of 7 species tested. The prevalence of viral RNA shedding was high: 17% in Eptesicus fuscus and 50% in Myotis occultus. Sequence analysis of a 440-bp amplicon in gene 1b showed that these Rocky Mountain bat coronaviruses formed 3 clusters in phylogenetic group 1 that were distinct from group 1 coronaviruses of Asian bats. Because of the potential for bat coronaviruses to cause disease in humans and animals, further surveillance and characterization of bat coronaviruses in North America are needed.

PMID:
18252098
PMCID:
PMC2857301
DOI:
10.3201/eid1309.070491
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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