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J Biol Chem. 2008 Mar 7;283(10):6118-25. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M709527200. Epub 2007 Dec 28.

The N-terminal domains of talin cooperate with the phosphotyrosine binding-like domain to activate beta1 and beta3 integrins.

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Department of Pharmacology and Interdepartmental Program in Vascular Biology and Transplantation, Yale University School of Medicine, 333 Cedar Street, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.


The activation of integrin adhesion receptors from low to high affinity in response to intracellular cues controls cell adhesion and signaling. Binding of the cytoskeletal protein talin to the beta3 integrin cytoplasmic tail is required for beta3 activation, and the integrin-binding PTB-like F3 domain of talin is sufficient to activate beta3 integrins. Here we report that, whereas the conserved talin-integrin interaction is also required for beta1 activation, and talin F3 binds beta1 and beta3 integrins with comparable affinity, expression of the talin F3 domain is not sufficient to activate beta1 integrins. beta1 integrin activation could, however, be detected following expression of larger talin fragments that included the N-terminal and F1 domains, and mutagenesis indicates that these domains cooperate with talin F3 to mediate beta1 activation. This effect is not due to increased affinity for the integrin beta tail and we hypothesize that the N-terminal domains function by targeting or orienting talin in such a way as to optimize the interaction with the integrin tail. Analysis of beta3 integrin activation indicates that inclusion of the N-terminal and F1 domains also enhances F3-mediated beta3 activation. Our results therefore reveal a role for the N-terminal and F1 domains of talin during integrin activation and highlight differences in talin-mediated activation of beta1 and beta3 integrins.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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