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J Comput Chem. 2008 May;29(7):1019-31.

The implementation of a fast and accurate QM/MM potential method in Amber.

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1
Department of Molecular Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92037, USA.

Abstract

Version 9 of the Amber simulation programs includes a new semi-empirical hybrid QM/MM functionality. This includes support for implicit solvent (generalized Born) and for periodic explicit solvent simulations using a newly developed QM/MM implementation of the particle mesh Ewald (PME) method. The code provides sufficiently accurate gradients to run constant energy QM/MM MD simulations for many nanoseconds. The link atom approach used for treating the QM/MM boundary shows improved performance, and the user interface has been rewritten to bring the format into line with classical MD simulations. Support is provided for the PM3, PDDG/PM3, PM3CARB1, AM1, MNDO, and PDDG/MNDO semi-empirical Hamiltonians as well as the self-consistent charge density functional tight binding (SCC-DFTB) method. Performance has been improved to the point where using QM/MM, for a QM system of 71 atoms within an explicitly solvated protein using periodic boundaries and PME requires less than twice the cpu time of the corresponding classical simulation.

PMID:
18072177
DOI:
10.1002/jcc.20857
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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