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Cancer J. 2007 Jul-Aug;13(4):229-32.

Surgery versus implant for early prostate cancer: results from a single institution, 1992-2005.

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1
Departments of Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The aim of this study was to compare the biochemical disease-free survival rates for radical prostatectomy versus transperineal ultrasound-guided prostate implant for patients with early prostate cancer treated at a single institution from 1992 through 2005.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The charts of 741 patients with early prostate cancer (350 implant and 391 surgery) treated from 1992 through 2005 were retrospectively reviewed. Surgery patients were treated by members of the academic Urology Section at Yale University School of Medicine. Implant patients were treated by a combined team from the Urology Section and the Department of Therapeutic Radiology at Yale Medical School. For the 350 implant patients, 35% were treated with iodine-125 and 65% with palladium-103. Of the implant patients 92% were treated with an implant alone and 8% with combined external beam radiation therapy plus an implant and 25% received short-term hormone therapy to downsize the prostate before the implant. Both surgery and implant patients were analyzed based on a group with favorable cancers (clinical stage T1c or T2, prostate-specific antigen <10, and Gleason score <7), an intermediate group (any 1 factor increased compared with the favorable group), and a poor group (any 2 factors increased compared with the favorable group). The follow-up time varied from 12 to 120 months with a mean/median follow-up time of 44 months/42 months for implant patients and 42 months/40 months for surgery patients. Prostate-specific antigen recurrence for surgery was defined as any detectable prostate-specific antigen after surgery. Prostate-specific antigen recurrence for implant was defined as the prostate-specific antigen nadir plus 2 ng/mL after implant. The biochemical disease-free survival rates were calculated using the life-table method.

RESULTS:

The 5-year biochemical disease-free survival rates for radical prostatectomy versus implant were identical for the favorable group (93% versus 92%), intermediate group (70% versus 70%), and poor group (50% versus 52%) patients.

CONCLUSIONS:

From 1992 through 2005, implant therapy produced equivalent 5-year biochemical disease-free survival rates compared with surgery in patients with early prostate cancer treated at a single institution.

PMID:
17762756
DOI:
10.1097/PPO.0b013e318046f14e
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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