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Drugs. 1991;42 Suppl 5:16-21.

Coronary disease and stroke in patients with large-vessel peripheral arterial disease.

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Department of Community and Family Medicine, University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, La Jolla.


Previous reports have indicated an excess of mortality from coronary heart disease (CHD), cardiovascular disease (CVD), and all causes in subjects with large-vessel peripheral arterial disease (LV-PAD). However, there is little information available concerning the risk of nonfatal events (morbidity) in this patient group. In a population-based study of 67 patients with LV-PAD and 408 control subjects without this condition, nonfatal CHD and stroke, and total CVD events, morbidity and mortality were evaluated in both men and women. Those with LV-PAD had a 3-fold excess of CVD morbidity at baseline compared with control subjects of the same sex. However, the absolute CVD rates were greater in men than women. During the 10 years of follow-up, women with LV-PAD had more nonfatal CVD events than men, resulting in comparable overall morbidity rates. In logistic regression models adjusted for other CVD risk factors, total CVD morbidity and mortality combined with 2.5 times as great in men and 5 times as great in women with LV-PAD as in those without peripheral arterial disease. These results suggest that the total morbidity and mortality burden are dramatically increased in both men and women with LV-PAD.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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