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Mol Cell Biol. 2007 Mar;27(5):1925-33. Epub 2006 Dec 28.

Unphosphorylated H1 is enriched in a specific region of the promoter when CDC2 is down-regulated during starvation.

Author information

1
Department of Biology, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA. goro@mail.rochester.edu

Abstract

Tetrahymena thermophila macronuclear histone H1 is phosphorylated by a cdc2 kinase, and H1 phosphorylation regulates CDC2 expression by a positive feedback mechanism. In starved wild-type cells, decreased expression of the CDC2 gene is correlated with a global reduction in the phosphorylation of H1 and reduced phosphorylation of H1 in the region upstream of the CDC2 gene. To determine whether the reduced H1 phosphorylation upstream of the CDC2 gene is merely a reflection of global dephosphorylation or is due to specific targeting of dephosphorylation of H1 to the CDC2 promoter during starvation, the CDC2 promoter was mapped, and the distributions of phosphorylated and unphosphorylated H1 across the CDC2 gene were determined using chromatin immunoprecipitation. Unphosphorylated H1 is specifically enriched in a region of the CDC2 promoter when the gene's expression is reduced during starvation but not when CDC2 is highly active in growing cells. The region of unphosphorylated H1 coincides with a region that is essential for CDC2 expression. These studies are the first in vivo demonstration that the phosphorylation of H1 is being regulated at a fine level and that unphosphorylated H1 can be specifically targeted to a promoter, where it likely regulates transcription in a gene-specific manner.

PMID:
17194754
PMCID:
PMC1820472
DOI:
10.1128/MCB.01619-06
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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