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Diabetes Care. 2007 Jan;30(1):38-42.

Increasing the accuracy of oral glucose tolerance testing and extending its application to individuals with normal glucose tolerance for the prediction of type 1 diabetes: the Diabetes Prevention Trial-Type 1.

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  • 1Division of Endocrinology, University of Miami, P.O. Box 016960 (D110), Miami, FL 33101, USA.



We assessed the extent to which both standard and alternative indexes from 2-h oral glucose tolerance testing predict type 1 diabetes and whether oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTTs) predict type 1 diabetes in individuals with normal glucose tolerance.


The prediction of type 1 diabetes from baseline OGTTs was studied in 704 Diabetes Prevention Trial-Type 1 participants (islet-cell autoantibody [ICA]-positive relatives of type 1 diabetic patients). The maximum follow-up was 7.4 years. Analyses utilized receiver-operator curves (ROCs), proportional hazards models, and survival curves.


ROC areas under the curve (ROCAUCs) for both the AUC glucose (0.73 +/- 0.02) and an OGTT prediction index (0.78 +/- 0.02) were higher (P < 0.001) than those for the fasting (0.53 +/- 0.02) and 2-h glucose (0.66 +/- 0.02). ROCAUCs for the 60- and 90-min glucose (0.71 +/- 0.02 and 0.72 +/- 0.02, respectively) were also higher (P < 0.01) than those for the fasting and 2-h glucose. Among individuals with normal glucose tolerance, OGTTs were highly predictive, with 4th versus 1st quartile hazard ratios for the 2-h glucose, AUC glucose, and OGTT prediction index ranging from 3.77 to 5.30 (P < 0.001 for all).


Certain alternative OGTT indexes appear to better predict type 1 diabetes than standard OGTT indexes in ICA-positive relatives of type 1 diabetic patients. Moreover, even among those with normal glucose tolerance, OGTTs are strongly predictive. This suggests that subtle metabolic abnormalities are present several years before the diagnosis of type 1 diabetes.

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