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J Exp Clin Cancer Res. 2006 Sep;25(3):357-64.

Tumor HGF lacks prognostic significance in Mexican breast cancer patients.

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Molecular Biology Laboratory, Basic Research Division, Mexican National Cancer Institute, Mexico City, Mexico.


Hepatocyte growth factor-scatter factor (HGF-SF) is a pleiotropic protein implicated in tumor formation and metastasis. Since increased levels of HGF-SF were first identified in breast cancer tissue or patient serum, some evidence has suggested that tumor or serum HGF-SF concentration could be one of the most accurate prognostic factors for this disease. However, other recent investigations have not been able to corroborate this finding. The study aims to establish the prognostic significance of HGF-SF in Mexican breast cancer women. Surgical specimens were obtained from 67 incident breast cancer patients at the Mexican National Cancer Institute between 1994 and 1995. Primary breast cancer tissue HGF-SF was measured by quantitative sandwich enzyme immunoassay. Relapse-free and overall survival curves were generated using Kaplan-Meier method. Significance of survival differences was calculated by log-rank test. chi2 was used for the association analysis between prognostic variables. Disease-free survival and overall survival were similar between the high tumor HGF group of patients and the low HGF patients (p = 0.7 and p = 0.36 respectively). No association was found between HGF and other clinicopathological variables (age, menopause status, clinical tumor size, clinical node involvement, metastasis, tumor grade, Estrogen Receptor and Progesterone Receptor). We found no prognostic significance for HGF, nor did we find a clear association between HGF and other known prognostic factors. A firm conclusion cannot be established regarding the role of HGF as a prognostic tool in breast cancer patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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