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Ann Oncol. 2007 Feb;18(2):233-40. Epub 2006 Nov 15.

Antiemetic activity of corticosteroids in patients receiving cancer chemotherapy: dosing, efficacy, and tolerability analysis.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Hematology/Oncology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, USA. steven.grunberg@uvm.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Chemotherapy and radiotherapy remain the standards of treatment for many patients with cancer, but these modalities are often limited by distressing side-effects, most notably chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV).

METHODS:

This paper considers the role of corticosteroids in CINV prophylaxis. Clinical trial results and treatment guidelines indicate that even with the emergence of new serotonin and neurokinin receptor antagonists, corticosteroids continue to play an important role in antiemesis for oncology patients. Numerous clinical trial results have demonstrated that both dexamethasone and methylprednisolone are effective as monotherapy and in combination with older and more recently developed antiemetic agents in patients receiving a wide range of chemotherapeutic regimens used for treatment of different cancers.

CONCLUSIONS:

With the increasing number of antineoplastic regimens and factors specific to individual patients, it is important to frequently review antiemetic treatment options and continually monitor therapeutic progress to establish the optimal therapy for each patient.

PMID:
17108149
DOI:
10.1093/annonc/mdl347
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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