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Endocrinology. 2007 Feb;148(2):831-40. Epub 2006 Oct 26.

Colony-stimulating factor-1 increases osteoclast intracellular pH and promotes survival via the electroneutral Na/HCO3 cotransporter NBCn1.

Author information

1
Department of Cellular and Molecular Physiology, Yale University School of Medicine, 333 Cedar Street, POB 208026, New Haven, Connecticut 06520-8026, USA. Patrice.Bouyer@Yale.edu

Abstract

Colony-stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1) promotes the survival of osteoclasts, short-lived cells that resorb bone. Although a rise in intracellular pH (pH(i)) has been linked to inhibition of apoptosis, the effect of CSF-1 on pH(i) in osteoclasts has not been reported. The present study shows that, in the absence of CO(2)/HCO(3)(-), CSF-1 causes little change in osteoclast pH(i). In contrast, exposing these cells to CSF-1 in the presence of CO(2)/HCO(3)(-) causes a rapid and sustained cellular alkalinization. The CSF-1-induced rise in pH(i) is not blocked by 4,4'-diisothiocyanatostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid, an inhibitor of HCO(3)(-) transporters but is abolished by removing extracellular sodium. This inhibition profile is similar to that of the electroneutral Na/HCO(3) cotransporter NBCn1. By RT-PCR, NBCn1 transcripts are present in both osteoclasts and osteoclast-like cells (OCLs), and by immunoblotting, the protein is present in OCLs. Moreover, CSF-1 promotes osteoclast survival in the presence of CO(2)/HCO(3)(-) buffer but not in its absence. Preventing the activation of NBCn1 markedly attenuates the ability of CSF-1 to 1) block activation of caspase-8 and 2) prolong osteoclast survival. Inhibiting caspase-3 or caspase-8 in OCLs prolongs osteoclast survival to the same extent as does CSF-1. This study provides the first evidence that osteoclasts express a CSF-1-regulated Na/HCO(3) cotransporter, which may play a role in cell survival.

PMID:
17068143
DOI:
10.1210/en.2006-0547
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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