Send to

Choose Destination
Development. 2006 Jul;133(13):2527-37. Epub 2006 May 25.

Identification, emergence and mobilization of circulating endothelial cells or progenitors in the embryo.

Author information

INSERM, Unit 36, F-75005, Paris, France and Coll├Ęge de France, F-75005, Paris, France.

Erratum in

  • Development. 2006 Jul;133(13):2596.


Using quail-chick parabiosis and QH1 monoclonal antibody analysis, we have identified circulating endothelial cells and/or progenitors in the embryo. These cells were already present early in ontogeny, before the third embryonic day. Under normal conditions, they integrated into most tissues but remained scarce. When experimental angiogenic responses were induced by wounding or grafts onto the chorioallantoic membrane, circulating endothelial cells were rapidly mobilized and selectively integrated sites of neoangiogenesis. Their mobilization was not dependent on the presence of the bone marrow as it was effective before its differentiation. Surprisingly, mobilization was not effective during sprouting angiogenesis following VEGF treatment of chorioallantoic membrane. Thus, embryonic circulating endothelial cells were efficiently mobilized during the establishment of an initial vascular supply to ischemic tissues following wounding or grafting, but were not involved during classical sprouting angiogenesis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire
Loading ...
Support Center