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J Pediatr. 2015 Oct;167(4):919-924.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2015.06.047. Epub 2015 Jul 23.

Pediatricians' Experience with Clinical Ethics Consultation: A National Survey.

Author information

1
Pediatric Advanced Care Team, Department of Medical Ethics, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA; Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA. Electronic address: morrisonw@email.chop.edu.
2
Pediatric Advanced Care Team, Department of Medical Ethics, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA; Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA.
3
Department of Pediatrics, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.
4
Division of Medical Humanities, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR.
5
New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY.
6
Pediatric Advanced Care Team, Department of Medical Ethics, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA; Department of Pediatrics, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To conduct a national survey of pediatricians' access to and experience with clinical ethics consultation.

STUDY DESIGN:

We surveyed a randomly selected sample of 3687 physician members of the American Academy of Pediatrics. We asked about their experiences with ethics consultation, the helpfulness of and barriers to consultation, and ethics education. Using a discrete choice experiment with maximum difference scaling, we evaluated which traits of ethics consultants were most valuable.

RESULTS:

Of the total sample of 3687 physicians, 659 (18%) responded to the survey. One-third of the respondents had no experience with clinical ethics consultation, and 16% reported no access to consultation. General pediatricians were less likely to have access. The vast majority (90%) who had experience with consultation had found it helpful. Those with fewer years in practice were more likely to have training in ethics. The most frequently reported issues leading to consultation concerned end-of-life care and conflicts with patients/families or among the team. Intensive care unit physicians were more likely to have requested consultation. Mediation skills and ethics knowledge were the most highly valued consultant characteristics, and representing the official position of the hospital was the least-valued characteristic.

CONCLUSION:

There is variability in pediatricians' access to ethics consultation. Most respondents reported that consultation had been helpful in the past. Determining ethically appropriate end-of-life care and mediation of disagreements are common reasons that pediatricians request consultation.

PMID:
26210945
DOI:
10.1016/j.jpeds.2015.06.047
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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