Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Obstet Gynecol. 2006 May;107(5):1103-13.

Fractional excretion of angiogenic factors in women with severe preeclampsia.

Author information

Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Science, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA.



We estimated the fractional excretions of soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt-1), vascular endothelial growth factor, and placental growth factor of severely preeclamptic women at the time of disease clinical manifestation.


Levels of free sFlt-1, vascular endothelial growth factor, and placental growth factor were measured by immunoassay from time-matched serum-urine samples from 64 women in the following groups: nonpregnant reproductive aged (n = 9), healthy pregnant controls (n = 13), mildly preeclamptic women (n = 15), and women with severe preeclampsia (n = 27). Urinary concentrations of angiogenic factors were normalized to creatinine and fractional excretions calculated. Correlations were estimated between fractional excretions of angiogenic factors, albuminuria, nonspecific proteinuria and urine protein-to-creatinine ratio.


Severely preeclamptic women had more than double urinary vascular endothelial growth factor (P = .01) and fractional excretion of vascular endothelial growth factor compared with mildly preeclamptic women (P = .007) or pregnant controls (P < .001). Serum, urine and fractional excretion levels of sFlt-1 were much higher among severely preeclamptic women compared with all the other pregnant groups (P < .001). Conversely, severely preeclamptic women had lower serum placental growth factor levels compared with healthy pregnant women (P < .05) and mildly preeclamptic groups (P < .05). Severely preeclamptic women had increased fractional excretions of placental growth factor, albumin, proteinuria, and random urine total protein/creatinine ratio. Among severely preeclamptic women there was no correlation between proteinuria and fractional excretion of vascular endothelial growth factor (r = 0.30, P = .127) or sFlt-1 (r = 0.35, P = .07). There was a significant correlation between fractional excretion for placental growth factor, random urine total protein/creatinine ratio (r = 0.60, P = .002), and nonspecific proteinuria (r = 0.50, P = .01).


Severe preeclampsia is characterized by increased fractional excretion of angiogenic factors and especially of vascular endothelial growth factor, likely reflecting 2 separate phenomena that may have additive effects: "endogenous" renal production and glomerular "leakage."

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center