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J Neurochem. 1991 Aug;57(2):391-6.

Modulation of protein kinase C translocation by excitatory and inhibitory amino acids in primary cultures of neurons.

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1
Department of Psychiatry, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut.

Abstract

In primary cultures of neurons from rat cerebral cortex and neostriatum, excitatory amino acids stimulate the translocation of protein kinase C (PKC) from the cytoplasm to the membrane. In the presence of a physiological concentration of Mg2+ in the extracellular medium, glutamate induces PKC translocation by binding to both N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) excitatory amino acid receptors. Quisqualate translocates the enzyme by stimulating primarily AMPA receptors and possibly metabotropic receptors. NMDA receptor-induced PKC translocation is sodium independent, whereas quisqualate receptor-induced PKC translocation is sodium dependent; none of the agonists is active in the absence of calcium from the extracellular medium. Muscimol does not modify excitatory amino acid stimulation; however, blockade of gamma-aminobutyric acid(A) receptors by bicuculline greatly enhances glutamate-induced PKC translocation. This enhancement is blocked by the NMDA receptor antagonist (+)-5-methyl-10,11-dihydro-5H-dibenzo[a,d]cyclohepten-5,10-imine hydrogen maleate (MK-801) and by tetrodotoxin.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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