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Toxicon. 2006 Mar 15;47(4):490-4. Epub 2006 Feb 3.

Interaction of a plasminogen activator proteinase, LV-PA with human alpha2-macroglobulin.

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Research and Development Center, Ezequiel Dias Fundation, 30510-010 Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.


Lachesis venom plasminogen activator (LV-PA) is a 33-kDa serine proteinase isolated from bushmaster (Lachesis muta muta) snake venom, which activates the fibrinolytic system in vitro. This study has examined the effect of the plasma proteinase inhibitor alpha2-macroglobulin (alpha2-M) towards LV-PA and compares it with the effect on tissue type plasminogen activator (t-PA). The proteolytic activity of LV-PA alone or previously incubated with human plasminogen (Plg) on the large molecular mass protein substrates, dimethylcasein (DMC) and fibrinogen (Fg) was completely inhibited by human alpha2-M. However, the synthetic peptides Tos-Gly-Pro-Lys-pNA and H-D-Pro-Phe-Arg-pNA (S-2302) were hydrolyzed with almost no reduction in rate. At pH 7.4 and 37 degrees C the proteinase (0.15 microM over 15 min) interacted with alpha2-M, and each mole of alpha2-M bound 2 mol of enzyme. Sodium dodecyl sulfate gel electrophoresis of reduced samples showed that the interaction of alpha2-M with either LV-PA or t-PA preincubated with Plg resulted in the formation of approximately 90 kDa fragments and high molecular mass complexes (Mr 180 kDa), generated by the incubation mixture (LV-PA or t-PA) and Plg. The data suggest that LV-PA is a direct-type PA and its fibrinolytic effect can be reduced by alpha2-M in vivo.

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