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Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2006 Jan;30(1):70-5.

Quality of care for acute myocardial infarction in elderly patients with alcohol-related diagnoses.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520-8088, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Elderly adults with alcohol-related diagnoses represent a vulnerable population that may receive lower quality of treatment during hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction. We sought to determine whether elderly patients with alcohol-related diagnoses are less likely to receive standard indicators of quality care for acute myocardial infarction.

METHODS:

We conducted a retrospective cohort analysis using administrative and medical record data from the Cooperative Cardiovascular Project. Subjects were Medicare beneficiaries with a confirmed principal discharge diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction from all acute care hospitals in the United States over an 8-month period. Our primary outcome was the receipt of 7 guideline-recommended care measures among all eligible patients and patients who were ideal candidates for a given measure.

RESULTS:

In all, 1,284 (1%) of the 155,026 eligible patients met criteria for an alcohol-related diagnosis. Among the alcohol-related diagnoses, 1,077/1,284 (84%) were for the diagnoses of alcohol dependence or alcohol abuse. Patients with alcohol-related diagnoses were less likely than those without alcohol-related diagnoses to receive beta-blockers at the time of discharge (55% vs. 60%, p = 0.02). We found no other significant differences in performance of the quality indicators after stratifying by indication and adjustment for baseline characteristics.

CONCLUSIONS:

Alcohol-related diagnoses are not a barrier to receiving most quality of care measures in elderly patients hospitalized for acute myocardial infarction.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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