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Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 2005 Nov;372(3):251-5. Epub 2005 Oct 19.

Effect of insulin treatment on tissue size of the genitourinary tract in BB rats with spontaneously developed and streptozotocin-induced diabetes.

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Section of Urology, Yale University School of Medicine, P.O. Box 208041, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.


To examine the differences between spontaneous and streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes, four parallel studies were performed; three studies of diabetes-prone BB (BBDP/Wor) rats maintained for 8, 16, and 32 weeks and one study of STZ-injected diabetes-resistant BB (BBDR/Wor) rats maintained for 32 weeks. Each diabetic study has three groups of rats: a control group; a euglycemic group, which received sufficient amounts of insulin; and a hyperglycemic group, which received a suboptimal dose of insulin. The extent of tissue weight changes was generally shown to be less dramatic in the euglycemic diabetic than in the hyperglycemic diabetic rats. STZ-induced diabetes increased the bladder weight more dramatically (up to 3-fold) than did spontaneous diabetes (up to 2-fold). Furthermore, a significant decrease in the size of the adrenal gland (20%) and testis (10%) is observed only with spontaneous diabetes, whereas a significant decrease in the size of the ventral prostate (30%) is observed only with STZ-induced diabetes, although the serum testosterone levels are similar in both groups. Our data demonstrate that there are differences in the effect of insulin treatment on the tissue size of the genitourinary tract between spontaneously developed and streptozotocin-induced diabetes in BB rats.

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