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Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2006 Jun;186(3):293-301. Epub 2005 Aug 13.

Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and ethanol modulation of deoxycorticosterone levels in cynomolgus monkeys.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, Bowles Center for Alcohol Studies, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599-7178, USA.

Abstract

RATIONALE:

The metabolites of deoxycorticosterone (DOC) and progesterone, allotetrahydrodeoxycorticosterone and allopregnanolone, are potent endogenous neuroactive steroids that are increased in rodent brain and plasma after hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activation by acute stress or ethanol administration. However, little data are available for male nonhuman primates.

OBJECTIVE:

To determine DOC concentrations in plasma samples from 11 monkeys following challenge of the HPA axis with naloxone, corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), dexamethasone, adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) following dexamethasone pretreatment and ethanol.

METHODS:

DOC levels were measured in monkey plasma by radioimmunoassay.

RESULTS:

DOC levels were increased after naloxone (125 microg/kg and 375 microg/kg, respectively) and CRF administration (1 microg/kg), and decreased following dexamethasone (130 microg/kg) administration. ACTH (10 ng/kg) challenge, 4-6 h after 0.5 mg/kg dexamethasone, and administration of ethanol (1.0 g/kg and 1.5 g/kg) had no effect on DOC concentrations. DOC levels were positively correlated with cortisol and ACTH levels after the naloxone (375 microg/kg), CRF, and ACTH challenges. Finally, the suppression of DOC levels measured after dexamethasone was negatively correlated with subsequent alcohol self-administration.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results suggest that DOC levels in monkeys are regulated by the HPA axis and may contribute to physiological responses following activation.

PMID:
16133132
DOI:
10.1007/s00213-005-0132-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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