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Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2016 Jul;158(7):1269-72. doi: 10.1007/s00701-016-2800-x. Epub 2016 Apr 15.

Can patients with a CSF shunt SCUBA dive?

Author information

1
Department of Neurosciences, University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff and Vale UHB, Cardiff, CF14 4XW, UK. dmitri.shastin@gmail.com.
2
Department of Neurosciences, University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff and Vale UHB, Cardiff, CF14 4XW, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Shunt placement for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diversion is one of the most commonly performed procedures in neurosurgery. Pleasure or sports diving is a popular sport enjoyed by millions. At present, no guidelines exist to affirm the safety of diving in the presence of a CSF shunt.

METHODS:

Literature search and review of medical fitness regulations used by diving organisations.

RESULTS:

Although the available evidence is anecdotal, no reports of shunt-related complications exist and in vitro studies show lasting functionality.

CONCLUSIONS:

Patients with CSF shunts should undergo careful evaluation including assessment of their cognitive and physical needs as well as co-morbidities. Having a CSF shunt in situ is not in itself a contraindication to SCUBA diving.

KEYWORDS:

Diving; Hydrocephalus; Safety; Shunt; Sports

PMID:
27084379
DOI:
10.1007/s00701-016-2800-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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