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J Med Chem. 2005 Mar 10;48(5):1428-47.

Nonpolar and short side chain groups at C-11beta of estradiol result in antiestrogens.

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Department of Obstetrics/Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, and the Comprehensive Cancer Center, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.


We have previously found that esters of 11beta-estradiol carboxylates are transformed from an estrogen into an antiestrogen when the 11beta-side chain is increased in length from four to five non-hydrogen atoms (n > or = 5). To understand the structural requirements for this transformation and obtain metabolically stable analogues that are not susceptible to esterase cleavage, we have synthesized other compounds having an 11beta-side chain composed of other functional groups: ketones, amides, ethers, and thiono esters. With the exception of amides, which bind poorly to the estrogen receptor (ER), all of these compounds exhibit antiestrogenic action when the side chain length is n > or = 5. Ethers (n > or = 5), studied in more detail, inhibit the action of estradiol with either ERalpha or ERbeta. In rat uteri they are estrogen antagonists/weak agonists and decrease the concentration of cholesterol in blood (an hepatic estrogenic action). Thus, these short chain and nonpolar 11beta-analogues of estradiol have tissue specific antiestrogenic/estrogenic actions, characteristics of selective estrogen receptor modulators.

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