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J Med Chem. 2005 Jan 27;48(2):515-22.

Somatostatin receptor 1 selective analogues: 3. Dicyclic peptides.

Author information

1
The Clayton Foundation Laboratories for Peptide Biology, The Salk Institute, 10010 N. Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92037, USA. Jrivier@salk.edu

Abstract

The binding affinity of short chain somatostatin (SRIF) analogues at the five human SRIF receptors (sst) was determined to identify sterically constrained somatostatin receptor subtype 1 (sst(1)) selective scaffolds. Des-AA(1,2,4,13)-[d-Trp(8)]SRIF (2) retained high binding affinity at all receptors but sst(1), Des-AA(1,2,4,5)-[d-Trp(8)]SRIF (3) at sst(4) and sst(5), and Des-AA(1,2,4,5,13)-[d-Trp(8)]SRIF (4) at sst(2) and sst(4) (AA = amino acid). Des-AA(1,2,4,12,13)-[d-Trp(8)]SRIF (6) was potent and sst(4)-selective (>25-fold); Des-AA(1,2,5,12,13)-[d-Trp(8)]SRIF (7) and Des-AA(1,2,4,5,12,13)-[d-Trp(8)]-SRIF (9, ODT-8) were most potent at sst(4) and moderately potent at all other receptors. Dicyclic SRIF agonists of the sst(1)-selective Des-AA(1,5)-[Tyr(2),d-Trp(8),IAmp(9)]SRIF, (14, sst(1) IC(50) = 14 nM) were prepared in which a lactam bridge introduced additional conformational constraint (IAmp = 4-(N-isopropyl)-aminomethylphenylalanine). Cyclo(7-12)Des-AA(1,5)-[Tyr(2),Glu(7),d-Trp(8),IAmp(9),hhLys(12)]SRIF (31) (sst(1) IC(50) = 16 nM) and cyclo(7-12) Des-AA(1,2,5)-[Glu(7),d-Trp(8),IAmp(9),m-I-Tyr(11),hhLys(12)]SRIF (45) (sst(1) IC(50) = 6.1 nM) had equal or improved affinities over that of the parent 14. Binding affinity was decreased in all other cases with alternate bridging constraints such as cyclo (6-11), cyclo (6-12), and cyclo (7-11). Compound 45 is an agonist (EC(50) = 8.8 nM) in the adenylate cyclase assay.

PMID:
15658865
DOI:
10.1021/jm049519m
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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