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Exp Neurol. 2004 Dec;190(2):486-94.

Anti-cytokine autoantibodies in experimental autoimmune neuritis in Lewis rats.

Author information

1
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, the First Hospital, JiLin University, Changchun, China.

Abstract

Experimental autoimmune neuritis (EAN) is a CD4+ T-cell-mediated, inflammatory demyelinating disease of the peripheral nervous system (PNS) that serves as a model for Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) in humans. Cytokine production has been suggested to act a pathogenic role for EAN. To study the potential role of cytokines in context with cytokine autoantibodies (Aabs) in EAN, we used in situ hybridization to detect mRNA expression of interferon (IFN)-gamma, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, IL-4, IL-10, and transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta in lymph node mononuclear cell (MNC) and in sciatic nerve sections, as well as ELISA for detection of their autoantibodies in sera and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) over the course of EAN. Increased mRNA expression for IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha was registered correlating with the peak of clinical signs of EAN, and high levels of mRNA expression for IL-4, IL-10, and TGF-beta were associated with EAN recovery. The levels of cytokine mRNAs were generally inversely correlated to their autoantibodies in serum and CSF, whereby the CSF levels were equal to or lower than the serum levels. Autoantibodies to IFN-gamma dose-dependently inhibited IFN-gamma-induced MHC expression by peritoneal macrophages proving a neutralizing biological effect of these autoantibodies. Our data demonstrate the existence of the anti-cytokine autoantibodies in the sera and CSF of rats with EAN; however, the role of anti-cytokine autoantibodies in the disease process of EAN remains to be resolved.

PMID:
15530887
DOI:
10.1016/j.expneurol.2004.08.017
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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