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J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2004 Jun;24(6):589-99.

Dynamic fMRI and EEG recordings during spike-wave seizures and generalized tonic-clonic seizures in WAG/Rij rats.

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Department of Neurology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.


Generalized epileptic seizures produce widespread physiological changes in the brain. Recent studies suggest that "generalized" seizures may not involve the whole brain homogeneously. For example, electrophysiological recordings in WAG/Rij rats, an established model of human absence seizures, have shown that spike-and-wave discharges are most intense in the perioral somatosensory cortex and thalamus, but spare the occipital cortex. Is this heterogeneous increased neuronal activity matched by changes in local cerebral blood flow sufficient to meet or exceed cerebral oxygen consumption? To investigate this, we performed blood oxygen level-dependent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) measurements at 7T with simultaneous electroencephalogram recordings. During spontaneous spike-wave seizures in WAG/Rij rats under fentanylhaloperidol anesthesia, we found increased fMRI signals in focal regions including the perioral somatosensory cortex, known to be intensely involved during seizures, whereas the occipital cortex was spared. For comparison, we also studied bicuculline-induced generalized tonic-clonic seizures under the same conditions, and found fMRI increases to be larger and more widespread than during spike-and-wave seizures. These findings suggest that even in regions with intense neuronal activity during epileptic seizures, oxygen delivery exceeds metabolic needs, enabling fMRI to be used for investigation of dynamic cortical and subcortical network involvement in this disorder.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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