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Br J Haematol. 2004 May;125(4):455-62.

Strong impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy on survival in patients with human immunodeficiency virus-associated Hodgkin's disease.

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II. Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital of Kiel, Kiel, Germany.


Hodgkin's disease (HD) is the most common non-acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-defining malignancy in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients. We analysed the outcome of patients with HIV-associated HD (HIV-HD) with respect to the use and efficacy of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and other prognostic factors. To evaluate the effects of several variables on overall survival (OS), Kaplan-Meier statistics and extended Cox regression analysis were performed. Response to HAART was used as a time-dependent variable and was defined as an increase of >0.1 x 10(9) CD4 cells/l and/or at least one viral load <500 copies/ml during the first 2 years following diagnosis of HIV-HD. Fifty-seven patients with HIV-HD diagnosed between 1990 and 2002 were included in the study. In the Cox model, the only factors independently associated with OS were HAART response [relative hazard (RH) 0.19; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.06-0.60], complete remission (RH 0.30, 95% CI 0.13-0.72), and age <or=45 years (RH 0.23; 95% CI 0.09-0.60). Median survival time in patients without HAART response was 18.6 months, whereas the median survival time in patients with HAART response was not reached (89% OS at 24 months). In this cohort, a significant improvement in survival was found in patients with HIV-HD who responded to HAART.

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