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J Biol Chem. 2004 Jun 4;279(23):23969-76. Epub 2004 Mar 22.

The human CYP1A1 gene is regulated in a developmental and tissue-specific fashion in transgenic mice.

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Laboratory of Environmental Toxicology, Department of Pharmacology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla 92093, USA.


Regulation and expression of human CYP1A1 is demonstrated in transgenic mice. We have developed two transgenic mouse lines. One mouse strain (CYPLucR) carries a functional human CYP1A1 promoter (-1612 to +293)-luciferase reporter gene, and the other strain (CYP1A1N) expresses CYP1A1 under control of the full-length human CYP1A1 gene and 9 kb of flanking regulatory DNA. With CYPLucR(+/-) mice, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlordibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and several other aryl hydrocarbon receptor ligands induced hepatocyte-specific luciferase activity. When other tissues were examined, TCDD induced luciferase activity in brain with limited induction in lung and no detectable luciferase activity in kidney. Treatment of CYP1A1N(+/-) mice with TCDD resulted in induction of human CYP1A1 in liver and lung, while mouse Cyp1a1 was induced in liver, lung, and kidney. Although induced CYP1A1/Cyp1a1 could not be detected by Western blot analysis in brains from CYP1A1N(+/-) mice, induction in brain was verified by detection of CYP1A1/Cyp1a1 RNA. The administration of TCDD to nursing mothers to examine the effect of lactational exposure via milk demonstrated prominent induction of luciferase activity in livers of CYPLucR(+/-) newborn pups with limited induction in brain. However, TCDD treatment of adult CYPLucR(+/-) mice led to a 7-10-fold induction of brain luciferase activity. Combined these results indicate that tissue-specific and developmental factors are controlling aryl hydrocarbon receptor-mediated induction of human CYP1A1.

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