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Nat Med. 2004 Apr;10(4):382-8. Epub 2004 Mar 21.

A new role for Nogo as a regulator of vascular remodeling.

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Department of Pharmacology and Program in Vascular Cell Signaling and Therapeutics, Boyer Center for Molecular Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06536, USA.


Although Nogo-A has been identified in the central nervous system as an inhibitor of axonal regeneration, the peripheral roles of Nogo isoforms remain virtually unknown. Here, using a proteomic analysis to identify proteins enriched in caveolae and/or lipid rafts (CEM/LR), we show that Nogo-B is highly expressed in cultured endothelial and smooth muscle cells, as well as in intact blood vessels. The N terminus of Nogo-B promotes the migration of endothelial cells but inhibits the migration of vascular smooth muscle (VSM) cells, processes necessary for vascular remodeling. Vascular injury in Nogo-A/B-deficient mice promotes exaggerated neointimal proliferation, and adenoviral-mediated gene transfer of Nogo-B rescues the abnormal vascular expansion in those knockout mice. Our discovery that Nogo-B is a regulator of vascular homeostasis and remodeling broadens the functional scope of this family of proteins.

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